took place last week https://twitter.com/GenEgaliteFR/following
Monday, June 21, 2021
Tuesday, June 1, 2021
Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations The Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) of the United Nations Secretariat is a vital interface between global politics and national action in the economic, social and environmental spheres. Within DESA, the Division for Public Administration and Development Management (DPADM) is entrusted by the General Assembly with implementing the United Nations Program in Public Administration and Development. Since its inception in 1948, this program has consistently promoted the importance of sound public administration for the political, economic and social development of all nations. DPADM is organized around four thematic and functional areas that support public administration on the national level: (i) governance and public administration, (ii) socioeconomic and governance management, (iii) knowledge management and E-government, (iv) public administration networking. DPADM assists Governments in strengthening their public policy making and service delivery systems, reinforcing their public sector human resources capacity, and improving the overall efficiency of their governance systems and institutions. The DPADM focuses on disseminating information and sharing knowledge, providing technical cooperation and an international forum for the exchange of national experiences. The Division’s comparative advantage is in its ability to identify and respond effectively to emerging global trends and challenges using its extensive knowledge base, professional expertise and network. Through its broad global reach and distinct mandate, DPADM contributes to improving public administration and governance in the development process. For more information: www.un.org/esa/desa/
Wednesday, May 26, 2021
Sunday, May 23, 2021
Saturday, May 22, 2021
Can you imagine a nation built by a network of livelihood trainers distributed through every community starting in places with the least. Not just any nation but the one born poorest of any populous nation- as Bangladesh was born 1971 with the worlds 8th largest population with the least infrastructure - ie over 80% without access to electricity grids or running water.
Its not clear exactly when fazle abed realised this was what the Bangladesh rural advancement committees unique purpose would be. It sort of happened organically. He was an engineer, regional ceo for shell oil company, when a cyclone killed a million of his compatriots. In comparison trading oil seemed a meaningless career path so he sold his flat in london for about 30000 dollars and got a grant from oxfam to build 15000 village homes for 100000 refugees. No sooner than the homes were built than it was evident brac was responsible for their lives let alone their livelihoods. So trainers of health and village farming were needed to live and learn in the village- famine and dehydration killed up to a million infants each of the first years of bangladesh as a new nation (henry kissinger's basket case). Mediators of every life matters were needed too because culturally women were an underclass. Most people were illiterate so peer to peer teachers were needed.
WOMEN HOLD UP HALF THE SKY
1976 accidentally turned out to be a magic moment on the continent. China was choosing what non-state corporations to legislate. Entrepreneurially there was much to like about abed's village microfranchise model. Because of the one child policy- half of chinese clans would over the next 20 years depend on their daughters education and microentrepreneurial spirit. So chinese village doctors and agricultural experts regularly started brainstorming with abed- see the book the quiet revolution by harvard's martha alter chen). These were not political exchanges - pure entrepreneurial ones in the original french sense of the word. Because abed was inspired by franciscan paulo freire - at an interpersonal and deep trust community level confucian, muslim and franciscan spirits mingled - for the first time since st francis contributions to the silk road.
There were a few traditional crafts people- preserving their skills through the community was needed, and a few villagers had exquisite design senses which match a period when brac operated silk farm microfranchises and may have planted bangladesh skills as a world leader in garment trade.
One way to map what abed built is to cluster 6 solution networks gravitated by 6 human development purposes. Four of the goals clearly match the un's sdg 1-4. Bracs 5th solution compass resilient communities of 100000 where every lives matter matches sgd 5 in exponential consequence even if the focus on women empowerment was also driven by the need for the whole community to self-organise against climate or other risks. Notably second generation children migrated to the cities so brac needed both to understand the new skills they needed and to help with financial remittances back to the villages.
Over 50 years brac brought in every sort of partner that might help rural village mothers maximise community sustainability. Solutions that the fist 100000 refugees valued microfranchising were replicated across rural bangladesh. At the time of sir fazle's death there were approximately 100000 livelihood field trainers- one per 200 families linking in most of rural bangladesh.
In addition to brac's full time fieldworkers there were over 100000 last mile health servants earning a living by distributing non prescription drugs and being best informed about special events such as nationwide vaccinations or how to end tuberculosis. Over 40000 primary schools had been sustained led by teachers who had peer to peer learned their own personal development and relationship to community building.
1996: Halfway through abed's mission to empower a nation built on women ending extreme poverty technology partners had started to appear with mobiles and solar panels. Billionaires like bill gates and george soros started wanting not simply to help but to transfer what was working across brac to communities they had deep learning and data responsibilities for. Abed was a bit uncomfy -there was so much development work bangladesh needed. He says it wasn't until mrs steve jobs questioned him why wasnt brac's knowhow shared outside bangladesh that he opened up brac international with an hq in the netherlands, and soon jim kim , bill gates, george soros were helping launch brac open a small us office out of new york which was where epidemiologists linked by unicef;s james grant had most helped abed scale bracs nationwide village health service by mothers for mothers and infants.
The 6th compass involves understanding the geonomic diversity - the future history of the place the world calls bangladesh. Knowns include bangladesh trades its way through 3 main streams- agriculture, garments, remittances. 50 years own it remains isolated from asia's biggest growth epicentres- look at its position on the coast hemmed in by myanmar and india.
Yet Extraordinarily if the world is ever to develop under 30s as a first sdg generation then bangladesh as the most cooperative partnership nation in the future of livelihood learning networks has a role t o play like no other in terms of lives, women, youth, poorest matter.
Wednesday, May 19, 2021
Tuesday, May 18, 2021
In dinner conversation, abed said: its extremely good that commonwealth aid has contributed so much to primary schools but its a pity that the millennium goal blocks funding of secondary schools. Thats where livelihood education needs most innovation. This was 2012. It may partly explain why abed's solutions to 11+ education need quite a lot of searching. He tried to find partnerships wherever he could- see the extraordinary early teens girls jobs clubs in uganda lead partnered with mastercard foundation. A lot of work on various skills apprenticeships connected around bangladesh libraries can be found.
Abed hoped all the sdg goals hunicorns he developed would keep asking how are teens included? Notably the new university coalitions- please make sure their community engagement included teenagers and in offering training on the futures of public service in bangladesh it shouldn't be forgotten that any place which advances sustainaility generation through the 2920s is going to have transorfem teen education.
Mastercard Foundation Alumni at BRAC Uganda | LinkedIn
Monday, May 10, 2021
in a world of instability guterres has offered a lot of hope - his vision statement issued last week is https://www.un.org/pga/75/wp-content/uploads/sites/100/2021/03/Letter-PGA-VS.pdf
Saturday, March 6, 2021
The Pearson Report, published 50 years ago this month, is not much remembered among practitioners, academics and policy wonks who toil in the fields of international development. Too bad. I knew I would remember it because, as an impressionable young CUSO field staff officer home briefly from Nigeria, I had the privilege of meeting the former prime minister just after his report was published.
There are better reasons to remember it than that, not least because it was aimed at ending extreme poverty in developing countries. Since then there has been progress, but five decades later half the world’s population lives on less than $6 U.S. a day, and nearly one billion still live on less than $2.
Partners in Development: Report of the Commission on International Development remains important for many reasons, most notably because it identified almost all of failings of the development enterprise and proposed remedies that remain valid today. It spoke of the necessity of universal primary education, of vast needs in health and nutrition, the importance of food production and research in agriculture — all part of today’s UN Sustainable Development Goals, and all as elusive as ever. It identified the debt burden of developing countries as an issue needing urgent attention — at a time when it was five per cent of what it became. It spoke at length of the need to develop the private sector in the developing world for local investment and manufacturing.
Five decades later, half the world’s population lives on less than $6 U.S. a day, and nearly one billion still live on less than $2.
The Pearson Report saw trade liberalization as a major solution to long-term development, and it may have been the first major development publication to use the term “structural adjustment”:
“The growth of world trade must be accompanied by liberalization. This in turn implies a willingness on the part of industrialized countries to make the structural adjustments which will enable them to absorb an increasing range of manufactures and semi-manufactures from developing countries.”
What actually occurred was the polar opposite: a prescription requiring developing countries to open their economies to the manufacturers of the world, while swallowing medicine that weakened their abilities to invest in the education, health, infrastructure and research required for competition in the global economy.
Pearson talked about a “crisis in aid”: the damage caused by tied aid (requiring procurement in the donor country), the wastefulness of “technical assistance” (sending expensive international experts), aid skewed in favour of some countries while others — often the neediest — were ignored, and low overall volumes of official development assistance (ODA). The report said that “international support for development is now flagging. In some of the rich countries its feasibility, even its very purpose is in question. The climate surrounding foreign aid is heavy with disillusion and distrust” — a cry that rings down the decades as an excuse for rich countries to seek advantage, cut back, do less, do nothing.Pearson set a target: “Each developed country should increase its commitments of ODA … to reach 0.7% of its gross national product by 1975 or shortly thereafter, but in no case later than 1980.” Rhetorically embraced but resisted in deed by most donor countries, including Canada (currently at 0.28%), the clarion cry today is for “blended finance,” a nostrum that will somehow bring the private sector galloping to the rescue of the Sustainable Development Goals.
One wonders what the world might have looked like today had the Pearson recommendations been implemented — even by halves: had trade from developing countries been advanced rather than blocked; had investment in local capacities not been constricted; had debt fallen instead of skyrocketed; had aid been used more intelligently and reached anything like the targets that were set. How many maternal and child deaths might have been prevented? How many famines, pandemics, conflicts and refugees avoided?
If you’re interested, you can find a used copy of The Pearson Report online for a dollar, considerably less than the $2.95 it cost in 1969. Its importance today lies in its dramatic demonstration that very few modern ideas about development are new. And it is a sobering and tragic reminder — if one is needed — of 50 years of lost opportunity and broken promises in the world of international development.